Evaluasi Suplementasi Probiotik dan Asam Organik dalam Air Minum Ayam Petelur di Mega Farm Sukabumi
Evaluation of Probiotic and Organic Acid Supplementation on Drinking Water for Laying Hens at Mega Farm Sukabumi
There are various studies on AGP substitute feed additives that provide many options for solutions related to the problem of maintaining gut health. Therefore, it is necessary for a fundamental evaluation of the use of some feed additives on the response of livestock. The purpose of this engineering practice is to find best solution for growth promoter antibiotics (AGP) alternatives that can be effectively used in laying hens Farm. Trials of several probiotic and organic acid product supplementation were carried out on 21,000 laying hens of the HyLine Brown strain aged 50 weeks for 1 month. Tested products were protected probiotic powder (OGC), liquid probiotics (PBL) and liquid organic acids (APK), these products were evaluated based on production egg quality and cost feasibility studies. Data on egg production and egg quality were analyzed using ANOVA and then actually compared between treatments with Tukey's test (p<0.05) and also compared based on production standards from producers/breeders. The trial results showed that the use of liquid probiotics (PBL) resulted in the highest egg production and egg weight, organic acid products (APK) resulted in higher distribution of large eggs and more efficient feed conversion, the use of protected probiotic powder (OGC) resulted in highest haugh unit. The economic feasibility study shows that organic acid products (APK) produce the highest return on investment value. The concluded showed that organic acid product (APK) will be effectively used in laying hens Farm.
Key words: egg quality, laying hen, organic acid, probiotic
Adams C. 1999. Poultry and dietary acids. Feed International. 20(14): 1370-1372.
Adhikari P, Lee CH, Cosby DE, Cox NA & Kim WK. 2019. Effect of probiotics on fecal excretion, colonization in internal orgarns and immune gene expression in the ileum of laying hens challenged with salmonella enteridis. Poultry Science. 98(7):1235-1242.
Alloui MN, Szczurek W & Swiatkiewicz S. 2013. The usefulness of prebiotics and probiotics in modern poultry nutrition: a review. Annual Animal Science. 13(1):17-32.
Alsobayel AA, Alshaikhi AM & Al-Abdullatif AA. 2020. Quality and weight grades classification of stored commercial table eggs marketed in supermarket and grocery stores in Riyadh city during winter and summer seasons according to GCC standard. Journal of Saudi Social Agriculture Science. 19(1): 339-352.
Dhawale A. 2005. Better egg shell with a gut acidifier. Poulttry International Magazine. 44(1): 18-21.
Eisen EJ, Bohren BB & McKean HE. 1962. The haugh unit as a measure of egg albumen quality. Poultry Science. 41(5):1461-1468.
Ezema C. 2013. Probiotics in animal production: a review. Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health. 5(11):308-316.
Farooq M, Mian MA, Durrani FR & Syed M. 2002. Egg production performance of commercial laying hens in Chakwal district, Pakistan. Livestock Research for Rural Development. 14(2).
Ferreira CL, Salminen S, Grzeskowiak L, Brizuela M, Sanchez L, Carneiro H & Bonnet M. 2011. Terminology concepts of probiotic and prebiotic and their rule in human and animal health. Revista de Salud Animal. 33(2):137-146.
Fuller R. 1992. Probiotics: The Scientific Basis. London (UK): Chapman and Hall.
Haugh RR. 1937. The Haugh unit for measuring egg quality. USA Egg Poultry Magazine. 43(1): 522-555.
[HG] Hendrix Genetics. 2021. Hisex Brown Product Guide. Boxmeer (NE): Hendrix Genetics
[HG] Hendrix Genetics. 2021. ISA Brown Product Guide. Boxmeer (NE): Hendrix Genetics.
HyLine. 2019. HyLine Brown Commercial Layers Management Guide. Iowa (US): HyLine.
Indarjit RE. 2008. Kajian Strategis Analisa Cost-Benefit Investasi Teknologi Informasi. Jakarta (ID): STIBANAS Bull.
Jacob J, Miles R & Mather B. 2002. Egg Quality. Florida (US): Univ Florida.
Kassa B, Tadesse Y, Esatu W & Dessie T. 2021. On-farm comparative evaluation of production performance of tropically adapted exotic chicken breeds in western Amhara, Ethiopia. Journal Applied Poultry Research. 30(4): 100-104.
Koop-Hoolihan L. 2001. Prophylactic and therapeutic uses of probiotics: a review. Journal American Dietetic. 147(1):747-748.
Lara LJ & Rostagno MH. 2013. Impact of heat stress on poultry production. Animals. 3(3):356-369.
Leeson S & Summers JD. 2005. Nutrition of the Chicken. 3rd ed. Ontario (CA), Nottingham Univ Press.
Mashaly MM, Hendricks GL, Kalama MA, Gehad AE, Abbas AO & Patterson PH. 2004. Effect of heat stress on production parameters and immune responses of commercial laying hens. Poultry Science. 83(2): 889-894.
Samik KP, Gobinda H, Manas KM & Gautam S. 2007. Effect of organic acid salt on the performance and gut health of broiler chicken. Poultry Science. 44(1): 389-395.
Setiawati T, Afnan R & Ulupi N. 2016. Performa produksi dan kualitas telur ayam petelur pada system litter dan cage dengan suhu kandnag berbeda. Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan. 4(1):197-203.
Shalev BA & Pasternak H. 1993. Increment of egg weight with hen age in various commercial avian species. British Poultry Science. 34(3): 915-924.
Soltan M. 2008. Effect of dietary organic acid supplementation on egg production, egg quality and some blood serum parameters in laying hens. International Journal of Poultry Science. 7(6):613-621.
Sulistiani H, Miswanto, Alita D & Dellia P. Pemanfaatan analisis biaya dan manfaat dalam perhitungan kelayakan investasi teknologi informasi. Jurnal Ilmiah Edutic. 6(2):95-105.
Tangendjaja B. 2018. Strategi Cara Budidaya Unggas tanpa AGP untuk Menghasilkan Performa yang Optimal. Bogor (ID): IRIAP Ciawi.
[USDA] United States Department of Agriculture. 2000. Egg Grading Manual. Agricultural Handbook number 75. Washington DC (US): USDA.
Upadhaya SD, Hossiendoust A & Kim IH. 2016. Probiotics in salmonella-challenged hyline brown layers. Poultry Science. 95(7):1894-1897.
Van der Fels-Klerx HJ, Jacob-Reitsma WF, Van Brakel R, Van Der Voet H & Van Asselt ED. 2011. Prevalence of salmonella in the broiler supply chain in the netherlands. Journal of Food Protection. 71(2):1974-1980.
Vogt H, Mathes S & Hamisch S. 1981. The effects of organic acids in the rations on the performance of broiler and laying hens. Arch Geft. 45(2): 221-232.
Yesilbag D & Colpan I. 2006. Effect of organic acid supplemented diets on growth performance, egg production and quality and serum parameters in laying hens. Revue De Medecine Veterinaire. 157(2): 280-284.
Yuwanta T. 2010. Telur dan Kualitas Telur. Yogyakarta (ID): UGM Press.
Zentek J, Ferrara F, Pieper R, Tedin I, Meyer W & Vahjen W. 2013. Effect of dietary combinations of organic acids and medium chain fatty acids on the gastrointestinal microbial ecology and bacterial metabolites in the digestive tract of weaning piglets. Journal of Animal Science. 91(12):3200-3210
Copyright (c) 2022 H Z Varhan, Sumiati, D A Astuti
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan
Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi 4.0 Internasional.