Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika 2022-08-18T14:01:41+07:00 Dr. Efi Yuliati Yovi Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika (JMHT, J Man Hut Trop)</strong> <span style="font-style: normal;">is a periodic scientific articles and conc</span><span style="font-style: normal;">eptual thinking of tropical forest management covering all aspects </span><span style="font-style: normal;">of forest planning, forest policy, forest resources utilization, forest ergonomics, forest ecology, forest inventory, silviculture, and management of regional ecosystems.</span></p> <p><span id="result_box" lang="en"><strong><span id="result_box" lang="en"><strong>Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika</strong></span><span id="result_box" lang="en">&nbsp;</span></strong><span id="result_box" lang="en">has been</span><strong><span id="result_box" lang="en">&nbsp;</span></strong><span id="result_box" lang="en"><span class="hps atn">re-</span></span><span id="result_box" lang="en">accredited "<strong><em><span class="hps">A</span></em></strong><span class="hps">"</span>&nbsp;from&nbsp;<span class="hps">the Directorate</span>&nbsp;<span class="hps">General of</span>&nbsp;<span class="hps">Higher Education</span>&nbsp;<span class="hps">(DIKTI</span>)&nbsp;<span class="hps">through</span>&nbsp;<span class="hps">the Decree of Directorate General</span>&nbsp;<span class="hps">of Higher Education</span>&nbsp;<span class="hps">No.</span></span><span id="result_box" lang="en"><a title="SK 2016" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">&nbsp;36a/E/KPT/2016</a>.</span><strong><span id="result_box" lang="en">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span>Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika</strong> is indexed in <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>SCOPUS</strong></a>, <a href=";hide_exact_match_fl=true&amp;utm_source=mjl&amp;utm_medium=share-by-link&amp;utm_campaign=search-results-share-this-journal" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Emerging Sources Citation Index</strong></a>&nbsp;(Clarivate Analytics) since November 2017, also in&nbsp;<strong>Science and Technology Index 1</strong>&nbsp;(<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>SINTA 1</strong></a>, SINTA is Indonesian Government official indexing body).&nbsp;<em><span class="hps"><span id="result_box" lang="en">S</span></span></em><span class="hps"><span id="result_box" lang="en">ince October 24th, 2018&nbsp;</span></span><span class="hps"><span id="result_box" lang="en"><strong>Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika </strong>has been&nbsp;recognized as&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>PERINGKAT 1</strong></a> journal based on the Directorate General of Research and Development Strengthening of Ministry of Research Technology and Higher Education of Indonesian Republic (Decree No. 30/E/KPT/2018). This <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>PERINGKAT 1</strong> </a>status has been extended up to November, 2023 (Decree No. 200/M/KPT/2020).</span></span></span></p> Socio-cultural Factors on The Establishment and Development of Communal Homestay in Eco Rural Tourism 2022-08-10T21:14:56+07:00 Mita Erdiaty Takaendengan Ricky Avenzora Dudung Darusman Cecep Kusmana <p><em>Socio-cultural in homestay need to be identified, since such business can make very close interactions among tourists and rural life. &nbsp;This study aims to analyze socio-cultural factors in the establishment and development of communal homestays in the rural tourism. The study was conducted in tourist villages in three provinces, namely the Special Region of Yogyakarta (Brayut and Tanjung villages), West Java (Banceuy and Bunihayu villages) and North Sulawesi (Bahoi, Tiwoho, Popareng, Tandengan and Urongo villages). The research instrument used close ended questionnaire with 585 respondent. Data analysis was carried out in a quantitative descriptive by grouping, simplifying and presenting data using class intervals. The results showed that the majority of people in tourist villages agree on the concept of communal homestay which can be a forum for the preservation of the culture, customs and norms of the local community. In the aspect of cultural heritage conservation, homestay businesses are considered capable of providing the function of protecting and preserving customs, arts, culture, religious traditions and languages. The management of this communal homestay is considered to be able to create social interaction, cooperation and can reduce forms of unhealthy competition.</em></p> 2022-08-02T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika Social Values Analysis Toward Ecotourism Development in The Kei Islands 2022-08-10T21:14:56+07:00 Jamaludin Kabalmay Ricky Avenzora Dudung Darusman Nimmi Zulbairnarni <p><em>The application of carrying capacity has the potential to protect tourist areas, both natural and cultural, and it is also related to the lifestyle of the local community, as well as the potential of tourist destinations. The condition of the people of the Kei Islands who are still experiencing conflicts of interest in several areas causes a development that is not according to plan or can even change or destroy the character of natural and cultural resources. The purpose of this study was to analyze the condition of social values ​​related to current social carrying capacity with conditions 10 years ago. The number of respondents was 600 people who come from 10 community groups. Primary data were obtained through filling out a list of questions by respondents using a closed-ended questionnaire by applying the “one score one indicator scoring system”. Data analysis was carried out in a quantitative descriptive manner based on the average value of each indicator. To find out the difference between the current condition and the condition 10 years ago, a paired t test was conducted. The results showed that the local community's response to tourism development activities both now and 10 years ago felt positive and negative impacts. The conditions of social situations that produce positive impacts are condusive situations, associations, cooperative situations, and productive collaborations, while the negative ones were dissociation, conflict, and war. Communication and economic aspects must be the attention of the parties so that conflicts of interest can be reduced so that the development of ecotourism in the Kei Islands can be more optimal. </em></p> 2022-08-02T16:08:17+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika Propagation of Bajakah and Akar Kuning to Support Bioprospecting of Traditional Medicine from Peat Swamp Forests: Prospect and Challenges 2022-08-10T21:14:57+07:00 Hesti Lestari Tata Septiana Asih Widuri Noorcahyati Antun Puspanti Bina Swasta Sitepu Mawazin <p><em>Bajakah and akar kuning are known as traditional medicine from peatlands, which are usually extracted from their natural habitats. Over extraction and illegal cutting have become a threat to the extinction of both species. Therefore, propagation and cultivation of those medicinal plants are necessary to be conducted outside forest areas to meet the demand of raw materials of traditional medicine and minimize the risk of species extinction. The experiment of stem cutting propagation of two bajakah species (Uncaria acida and Salacia sp.) and akar kuning (Fibraurea tinctoria) were conducted separately in two different nurseries. The results showed that stem cuttings of woody liana could produce more than one new shoot. The new shoots of U. acida and Salacia sp. grew after eight weeks, with a survival rate of 96% and 50%, respectively. The survival rate of F. tinctoria stem cutting after six weeks was 83.3%. These indicate that bajakah and akar kuning can be propagated and cultivated to support the bioprospecting of traditional medicinal plants. Despite some challenges, such as limitation of akar kuning and bajakah population at the pole stage in their habitats, it is an initial step of a long process of bajakah and akar kuning bioprospecting.</em></p> 2022-08-02T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika The Dynamic of Functional Microbes Community Under Auri (Acacia auriculiformis Cunn. Ex Benth) Agroforestry System 2022-08-12T15:47:22+07:00 Enny Widyati Mohamad Siarudin Yonky Indrajaya <p><em>Microbes are important rhizosphere constituents for providing nutrients in the soil. This study analyzes the dynamic of soil functional microbes’ populations on land managed as an agroforestry </em><em>(AF) system. The AF system consists of a 2-years old auri tree combined with several crops, i.e., </em><em>wild grasses, peanuts </em><em>(Arachis hypogaea), pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan),</em> <em>and </em><em>maize </em><em>(Zea mays).</em> <em>Soil samples were collected from each rhizosphere and then analyzed for their chemical properties such as N, P, K, pH, and C organic contents. The population of functional microbes was observed by isolation of the non-symbiotic N-fixer microbes </em><em>(BNF), the cellulose-degrading microbes (CDM), and the phosphate solubilizing microbes (PSM) in their selective media. The total soil sugars were also tested for root exudates. The results showed that i</em><em>n </em><em>an auri </em><em>agroforestry system, the </em><em>kind of crops </em><em>determines the content of the </em><em>soil </em><em>organic material that is turned-offer into the soil. This affect</em><em>s</em><em> the population structure and functional microbial abundance in the rhizosphere. </em><em>Furthermore, m</em><em>icrobial colonization in the rhizosphere affects plants in producing root exudates. </em><em>Then</em><em>, root exudates shape the structures of the microbial community, as well as an influence among inhabitants in defining mineralization of </em><em>soil organic matter</em><em>, nutrient availability, and trees performance.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> 2022-08-02T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika The "Common Pool" Problems in the Protected Area Regarding Natural Tourism in Indonesia 2022-08-12T15:47:22+07:00 Badi'ah Hariadi Kartodihardjo Bramasto Nugroho Bambang Supriyanto <p><em>Phenomena that indicate the performance of the use of natural tourism in protected areas indicate that there are institutional problems in it. This study aims to determine the influence of exogenous variables on the action arena for the use of natural tourism in protected areas in Indonesia. Data were collected through in-depth interviews, participatory observation, document, and regulatory review. Then the data were analyzed using descriptive analysis. This study was analyzed using the institutional analysis and development (IAD) framework. This framework provides a useful approach to understanding institutional issues. &nbsp;Based on the research, the influence of exogenous variables on the action arena, among others 1) there is an incorrect implementation between the cooperation agreement and the permit carried out by the Mount Gede Pangrango National Park Office as the principal, which has resulted in the agent bearing additional costs to obtain exclusion rights, and the principal's loss does not receive a contribution in the form of Levies on The Results of Business Activities for Nature Tourism Facilities from the transfer of rights to agents; 2) when public access is closed in the public space, there will be a conflict between the agent and the community which creates a high cost of exclusion and is charged to the agent; 3) the agent is aware of the lack of principal resources to carry out supervision so that the agent does not immediately carry out his obligations.&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> 2022-08-02T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika Ecotourism of Cireundeu and Basic Sundanese’ Way of Life 2022-08-12T15:47:23+07:00 Moh Zaenal Abidin Eko Putro Kustini <p><em>Nowadays, some indigenous religion members in Indonesia are still fighting to grasp a fully civil rights recognition granted by the state. However, the way of such effort undertaken by people of Sunda Wiwitan&nbsp;of Cireundeu Cimahi is different. Rather than claiming the civil rights rigorously, they introduce as well as organize community ecotourism by preserving natural environment combined with Sundanese culture. This article aims at uncovering social changing around the shifting point of organizing ecotourism, objections from outsiders and adaptation with social environment whereby they negotiate with. Based on qualitative research which focuses on observation, in-depth interview, as well as literature study, this paper aims to portray the ecotourism initiative and its recent empowerment in this community which currently makes their customary village </em>(<em>kampung adat</em>)<em> well-known as one of the Sundanese cultural tourism destinations for not only Bandung greater area people, but also for the people of outside Bandung and abroad as well. The result shows that albeit some restrictions on expressing civil rights status still occur,&nbsp;having previous experience of losing informal job and objections from other groups alike, this community can maximize their teaching as well as their natural landscape potential in managing self-ecotourism based on their local cultural values.&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> 2022-08-02T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) Vegetation Index and Mangrove Forest Utilization through Ecotourism Development in Dodola and Guraping of North Maluku Province 2022-08-12T15:47:20+07:00 Yerik Afrianto Singgalen <p><em>This study analyzes the vegetation index and mangrove forest utilization through ecotourism development in Guraping and Dodola Island of North Maluku Province. This research uses a remote sensing approach through Landsat 8 Operational Land Immaginer (OLI) from 2013 and 2021, calculated based on the Normalized Difference Vegetation (NDVI) algorithms. This study indicates that ecotourism development can preserve the mangrove forest and generate the economic and social benefit of the local community. Otherwise, the vegetation index in mangrove areas from 2013-2021 needs to be considered seriously as the primary data to optimize the management of tourism destinations. Through the case of Dodola Island, the increased number of vegetation in 2017 experienced significant changes and threatened the sustainability of mangrove ecotourism. Thus, the mangrove monitoring needs to be optimized to anticipate the unsustainability of mangroves, which determines the sustainability of tourism in North Maluku Province. This study offers an idea to involve the local community in conserving the mangrove area through a controlled and sustainable rehabilitation program instead of economic activity purposes. The findings indicate&nbsp;</em><em>that the existing condition of the Guraping mangrove forest in 2021 is classified as moderate compared with mangrove ecotourism in Dodola Island with sparse criteria based on the Decree of the Minister of State for the Environment in 2004, This research suggests adopting the community-based ecotourism mangrove development through collaborative advantages of all tourism stakeholders.</em></p> 2022-08-02T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika Monitoring of Natural Enemies (Hymenoptera) on Different Lands Use: Study from Agroforestry, Community Forest, and Pioneer Land 2022-08-12T15:47:21+07:00 Ananto Triyogo Akbar Zhafran Adriansyah Dwi Tyaningsih Adriyanti <p><em>Land use and management must be carried out in a way that ensures the sustainability of land ecological function. The presence of natural enemies that suppress pest populations is an important component of the ecological function. Monitoring the presence of natural enemies and avoiding silvicultural activities that threaten the presence of natural enemies are important aspects of land management. This study investigates the presence of natural enemies on three different lands: agroforestry, community forests, and pioneer lands. Monitoring was carried out during three months at three types of land use by using observation plot in the square form of 20 x 20 m2. Insect collection in the field uses pitfalls and sticky traps which are placed using a grid and a diagonal method, respectively. Phytophagous insects, such as leafhopper, flies, thrips, aphids were surveyed. Hymenoptera natural enemies, predators (Formicidae) and parasitic wasps (Trichogrammatidae and Scelionidae) were obtained. The results show that community forests and pioneer lands are support the existence of Formicidae. This study indicates that in the agroforestry there are variations in population of Formicidae based on the period of on-going land management. Agroforestry provides a more suitable place for the existence of Trichogrammatidae and Scelionidae. </em></p> 2022-08-02T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika Polarization among Stakeholders Perception on the Interpretation of Ecotourism Resources in Gunung Halimun Salak National Park 2022-08-12T15:47:21+07:00 Helianthi Dewi Ricky Avenzora Dudung Darusman Cecep Kusmana <p><em>The study of polarization of stakeholder perceptions is important to consider the policies that must be taken by area managers related to the development of interpretation programs in national park areas. This study was aimed to analyze and evaluate the characteristics of the subject of interpretation that are considered important by stakeholders, to</em> <em>analyze the differences in perceptions among stakeholders of the attractiveness of the subject of interpretation and to determine the polarization of perceptions of the subject of interpretation among stakeholders in relation to the management of Gunung Halimun Salak National Park (GHSNP). Stakeholder perception data was obtained by distributing a closed pattern questionnaire. Cluster analysis was used to determine the variety of stakeholder perception in interpretation subjects within the GHSNP area. As for knowing the direction and scale of the polarization of stakeholder perceptions, it was analyzed by Kruskal Wallis and Mann Whitney test. The results showed that the largest polarization among stakeholders occurred in the cultural subjects, and the direction of polarization was negative. This indicates the weak attractiveness of the subject of cultural interpretation to stakeholders. The greater commonality of perception between the community and managers forms the basis for the development of cultural interpretations. This development is expected to bridge the community's needs for the GHSNP area as well as provide stronger support for the management of the national park area. </em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> 2022-08-02T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika Contribution the Failure Mode Analysis and Criticality Evaluation Method to the Rehabilitation of Cork Oak (Quercus suber) Forests in Forest Massif of Tlemcen (Algeria) 2022-08-12T15:47:21+07:00 Aman Bouzid Khadidja Bouzid Kheloufi Benabdeli <p><em>The controling of forest sustainability and preforest ecosystems in achieving stability of forest ecosystem require the identification of biophysical indicators, anthropological, and technological. The significant degradation of Quercus suber formations in forest massif of Tlemcen </em>(<em>Algeria</em>)<em> are imposed by both climatic factors, the fires, the overgrazing land, anthropogenic aggression as well as by ineffective management. The making of a reference matrix would make possibility the identification of probable hazards and risks. This study aimed to identify the understanding how the mode of operation of a system to identify failures and treat, and the create the intention of eliminating or minimizing the associated risks. This matrix will consist of relevant indicators which easy guide to estimate and following the understanding of the forest degradation process in Algeria. The FMECA method allowed identification of 20 main defective targets which be grouped into 3 categories namely: technical, ecological, organizational, and facilitate of remediation. Each error can be scored and action plans can be prioritized, allowing different with all forest sector players to better understand the degradation of this natural space in order to implement efficient and appropriate remediation plans. </em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> 2022-08-02T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika Front Matter 2022-08-12T15:47:19+07:00 Admin JMHT <p></p> 2022-08-08T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika Back Matter 2022-08-18T14:01:41+07:00 Admin JMHT <p></p> 2022-08-08T15:48:36+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika