PENYUSUNAN KEBIJAKAN UNTUK MENDORONG MOTIVASI GENERASI MUDA BERWIRAUSAHA DI BIDANG PERTANIAN
Regenerasi petani dengan penguatan jiwa kewirausahaan dibutuhkan untuk menghadapi tantangan usaha yang semakin kompetitif. Penurunan jumlah generasi muda yang masuk ke dunia pertanian perlu diantisipasi melalui pendidikan formal bidang pertanian. Penelitian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan minat generasi muda ke bidang pertanian dan faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi motivasinya berwirausaha dibidang pertanian. Penelitian dilakukan melalui survei terhadap mahasiswa baru Jurusan Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Mulawarman dengan pertimbangan salah satu capaian pembelajaran yang direncanakan adalah wirausaha pertanian. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan minat ke bidang pertanian masih menunjukkan peningkatan berdasarkan trend jumlah mahasiswa, motivasi berasal dari keinginan sendiri, dan sebagian besar merupakan pilihan pertama program studi, serta memiliki keinginan untuk berwirausaha dibidang pertanian. Faktor yang dan memengaruhi motivasinya adalah pendidikan sebelumnya, latar belakang orangtua (jenis pekerjaan, usaha, kepemilikan lahan), serta pengalaman ke lokasi pertanian. Implikasi penelitian ini adalah perlunya penetapan prioritas pendidikan wirausaha pertanian, dukungan, dan komitmen dalam pendampingan dan pembinaan generasi muda agar mampu berwirausaha.
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