How does Minangkabau’s Family Communication Pattern Affects Cultural Preservation and Cultural Erosion?

  • Dwi Rini Sovia Firdaus Universitas Pakuan
Keywords: cultural inheritance, family communication, ritual communication, storytelling

Abstract

This article aims to find a shift in Minangkabau culture that began from a family environment. This article studied four types of Minangkabau families with children aged 10-19 years. This study applied descriptive qualitative research methods with in-depth interview techniques. The SPEAKING model of Hymes was used to construct communication patterns within the family when passing down Minangkabau’s norms through storytelling to children. Norms that do not resemble Minangkabau cultural teachings were taught by families with Minang fathers, while families with non-Minang fathers taught norms that were similar to Minangkabau cultural teachings. This family always taught the value of survival and common sense due their status as migrants. In fact, this is the core value instilled by the ancestors of the Minangkabau people that was misunderstood by their younger generations. The meaning of survival and common sense value introduced by Minangkabau cultural teachings need to be clarified to children through their family environment, so that they can be closer to their own cultural roots. This condition makes them keen to build their own region equipped with positive values learned from the Minangkabau culture.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abdullah T. 1985. Islam, History and Social Change in Minangkabau, dalam buku L.Thomas dan F. Benda- Beckmann (eds.), Change and Continuity in Minangkabau: Local, Regional and Historical Perspectives on West Sumatra (pp.142-156). Athens, OH: Ohio University.
Aminah, S., Lubis, D., Susanto, D., Studi, P., & Pembangunan, K. 2014. Perubahan Model Komunikasi. Perubahan Model Komunikasi, 24(1), 12.
Ardianto E dan Q-Anees B. 2009. Filsafat Ilmu Komunikasi. Bandung (ID): Simbiosa Rekatama Media.
Attubani R. 2017. Adat dan Sejarah Minangkabau. Padang (ID): Media Eksplorasi. Awe B. 2010. Globalization: Acculturation or Cultural Erosion? A Historical Reflection.
Journal of Global Initiatives: Policy, Pedagogy, Perspective. Vol 3 no.2 Globalization and the Unending Frontier.
Bahar. 2013. Dinamika Doktrin ABS SBK Sebagai Rumusan Jati Diri Minangkabau: Sebuah Perspektif Sejarah. Diakses dari http://groups.google.com/forum/#topic/ RantauNet /VrI8VI06jTM, Feb 2018.
Benharoon, S. Y. 2013. Building a Culture of Peace in Muslim Community in Southern Thailand through Family Communication. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 91, 522–531. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.08.450
Firdaus DRS. 2019. The Coexistence between Matrilineal Family Structures and the Religious Order of the Minangkabau Community. Jurnal Komunikasi: Ikatan Sarjana Komunikasi Indonesia 4(1) pp 18-25. http://www.jurnal- iski.or.id/index.php/ jkiski/ article/ view/223.
Firdaus, D. R. S., Lubis, D. P., Susanto, D., & Soetarto, E. 2018. Potret budaya masyarakat minangkabau berdasarkan keenam dimensi budaya Hofstede. Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan. https://doi.org/10.22500/sodality.v6i2.23229
Firdaus, D. R. S., Lubis, D., Soetarto, E., & Susanto, D. 2018. POTRET BUDAYA LOKAL MASYARAKAT TANJUNG RAYA, KABUPATEN AGAM -
SUMATERA BARAT DI ERA DIGITAL. Jurnal Komunikasi Pembangunan. https://doi.org/10.29244/jurnalkmp.16.2.248-265
Firdaus DRS. 2018. The Peculiarity of Minangkabau’s Local Genius Born from the Discrepancy of Matrilineal Core Value, Islamic Rules and Globalization. International Journal of Research in Social Sciences 8(8), pp 272-281. https://www.ijmra.us/ project%20doc/2018/ IJRSS_AUGUST2018/ IJMRA- 14255.pdf.
Firdaus DRS. 2015. Parents’ Characteristics and Communication Pattern that Shape the Attitude of Troubled Teens in Addressing Student Brawl. 17th International Conference on Communication and Media Studies, 17(7) pp 3585-3592.
Fitzpatrick MA. 1988. Between Husbands and Wives: Communication in Marriage. Sage.
Franzia E, Piliang YA, Saidi AI. 2015. Manifestation of Minangkabau Cultural Identity through Public Engagement in Virtual Community. 5th Arte Polis International Conference and Workshop – “Reflections on Creativity: Public Engagement and the

Making of Place”, 8-9 August 2014, Bandung – Indonesia. Published at Procedia Social and Behavioral Science 184 (2015). Pp.56-62. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Gea AA. 2011. Enculturation. Pengaruh Lingkungan Sosial terhadap Pembentukan Perilaku Budaya Individu. Jurnal Humaniora vol.2 no.1 April 2011: 139-150.
Husnaini Z. 2011. Pekerja Anak di Bawah Umur. Studi Kasus: Enkulturasi Keluarga Pekerja Anak di Kota Padang. Antropologi, FISIP – Universitas Andalas.
Hymes D. 1974. Foundations in Sociolinguistics: An Ethnographic Approach.
Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania P.
Kato T. 2005. Adat Minangkabau dan Merantau dalam Perspektif Sejarah. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka. Kuswarno E. 2011. Metode Penelitian Komunikasi – Etnografi Komunikasi, Suatu Pengantar dan Contoh Penelitiannya. Bandung (ID): Widya Padjadjaran.
Keenan, P. J. 2007. Do Norms Still Matter ? the Corrosive Effects of Globalization on the Vitality of Norms. Development, 41(March), 1–47.
Morissan. 2013. Teori Komunikasi: Individu Hingga Massa. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Grup.
Mubah AS. 2011. Strategi Meningkatkan Daya Tahan Budaya Lokal dalam Menghadapi Arus Globalisasi, dalam jurnal Unair tahun 2011, volume 24, no 4, halaman 302-308. Nasution Z. 2009. Komunikasi Pembangunan: Pengenalan Teori dan Penerapannya,
edisi revisi. Jakarta (ID): Rajawali Pers.
Navis AA. 1984. Alam Terkembang Jadi Guru: Adat Dan Kebudayaan Minangkabau.
Jakarta (ID): PT. Temprint.
Razmin NHM. et.al. 2013. Globalisasi sebagai Satu Kolonialisme Bentuk Baru dan Kesan Kepada Ekonomi. Proceeding of the International Conference on Social Science Research, ICSSR 2013 (e-ISBN 978- 967-11768-1-8). 4-5 June 2013, Penang Malaysia. Organized by WorldConference.net
Stark, A. 2013. The Matrilineal System of the Minangkabau and its Persistence Throughout History : A Structural Perspective The Minangkabau society. 13, 1–13.
Sukmawati, N. 2008. Bagurau Saluang dan Dendang Dalam Perspektif Perubahan Budaya Minangkabau. Jurnal Forum Ilmu Sosial, 35(2).
Syafrial. 2015. Pendidikan Keluarga Menurut Islam dalam Budaya Adat Minangkabau. Disertasi Program Pascasarjana Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN), Imam Bonjol Padang.
Syam NW. 2014. Komunikasi Peradaban. Bandung: PT. RemajaRosdakarya.
Tomlinson J. 2003. Globalization and Cultural Identity. Cambridge: Polity Press. Vilhena, D. A., Foster, J. G., Rosvall, M., West, J. D., Evans, J., & Bergstroma, C. T. 2014. Finding cultural holes: How structure and culture diverge in networks of
scholarly communication. Sociological Science, 1(June), 221–238. https://doi.org/10.15195/v1.a15
Wahab, E. O., Odunsi, S. O., & Ajiboye, O. E. 2012. Causes and Consequences of Rapid Erosion of Cultural Values in a Traditional African Society. Journal of Anthropology, 2012, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/327061.
Published
2020-06-26
How to Cite
Firdaus, D. R. S. (2020). How does Minangkabau’s Family Communication Pattern Affects Cultural Preservation and Cultural Erosion?. Jurnal Komunikasi Pembangunan, 18(02), 104-116. https://doi.org/10.46937/18202030330

Most read articles by the same author(s)