Social and Economic Vulnerability in The Sub-Watershed of Karang Mumus, East Kalimantan Province

Sri Endayani, Ronggo Sadono, Ambar Kusumandari, Hartono Hartono

Abstract


Changes in land use influence the social and economic characteristics as well as the environmental problems in a sub-watershed. To support the management of a sub-watershed, land use scenarios (biophysics) must be prepared and community involvement level must be improved. So far, the factors used for monitoring and evaluating sub-watershed performance have not been used thoroughly. This research is aimed at finding out the social and economic vulnerabilities tied to the monitoring and evaluation of sub-watershed performance across the sub-districts. This research uses quantitative methods employed to process primary data (biotic: vegetation and settlement, and abiotic: land, climate, geomorphology, and geology), secondary data (community data sourced from the data of BPS; Central Bureau of Statistics) of East Kalimantan Province; in September 2017), and socio-economic data (direct interviews using questionnaires). The primary data were obtained after processing map interpretation and from observation. The results show that high socio-economic vulnerability occurs in areas of high land use vulnerability. Sub-watershed management will be successful if it is done through a "collaborative management" involving all stakeholders. The scenario simulations of this research can be used as reference materials for regional governments in planning, compiling, and implementing the Regional Spatial Plan policies.


Keywords


performance monitoring and evaluation; collaborative management; community participation; land use scenario (biophysics)

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.7226/jtfm.25.2.93

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ISSN : 2087-0469

E-ISSN : 2089-2063

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