Coping Strategy, Religiosity, and Chronic Elderly’s Life Satisfaction

  • Syelia Methasari Department of Family and Consumer Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology, Bogor Agricultural University
  • Diah Krisnatuti
Keywords: chronic diseases, coping strategy, elderly, life satisfaction, religiosity

Abstract

Decrease in physical or biological conditions that occur in the elderly will result in disruption of various organs of the body so that it can cause chronic disease in the elderly. Chronic diseases can have an impact on increasing stress and life satisfaction in the elderly. This study aims to analyze the effect of coping strategies and religiosity on the life satisfaction of elderly men and women with chronic disease. The design used in this study is a cross sectional study at Medika Dramaga Hospital, Bogor Regency. Examples in the study amounted to 60 people who had chronic diseases, had suffered for more than six months and were selected by accidental sampling technique. The results showed no difference between coping strategies, religiosity, and life satisfaction of elderly men and women with chronic disease. The duration of an elderly person suffering from a disease is positively related to coping strategies. Religiosity and the duration of the elderly suffer from diseases are significantly positively related to life satisfaction. Elderly people who are still working in old age will reduce their life satisfaction. The longer the elderly suffer from chronic diseases and the higher the religiosity of the elderly, the life satisfaction of the elderly will increase. 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abdullahi, A., Hassan, A., Kadarman, N., Saleh, A., Shu’aibu, Y., B., Lua P., L. (2016). Food safety knowledge, attitude, and practice toward compliance with abattoir laws among the abattoir workers in Malaysia. International Journal of General Medicine9(2), 79-87. doi: 10.2147/IJGM.S98436

Barhem, B., Younies, H., Muhamad, R. (2009). Religiosity and work stress coping behaviour of Muslim employees. Journal of Education Business and Society Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues 2(2): 123-137. doi:10.1108/17537980910960690.

Bornstein, M., H. (2017). Mixed blessings: parental religiousness, parenting, and child adjustment in global perspective. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 58(8), 880-892. doi: 10.1111/jcpp.12705.

[BPS] Badan Pusat Statistik. (2012). Statistik Penduduk Lanjut Usia 2012 : Hasil Survei Sosial Ekonomi Nasional. Jakarta (ID): BPS. Retrieved from: https://www.bps.go.id/publication/download.

_____. Badan Pusat Statistik. (2014). Statistik penduduk lanjut usia Indonesia 2011. Jakarta (ID): BPS.

_____ . 2015. Statistika penduduk lanjut usia. Jakarta (ID): BPS. Bell, D., N., Rutherford, A. (2013). Older workers and working time. The Journal of the Economics of Ageing1(2), 28–34. doi: 10.1016/j.jeoa.2013.08.001.

Chaplin, J., P. (2004). Kamus Lengkap Psikologi (Terjemahan Kartini dan Kartono). Jakarta : Raja Grafindo Persada.

Christianson, J. (1998). The growing presence of managed care in rural areas. Journal of Rural Health 14(3), 166-168.

Djakiman, R. (2013). Hubungan dukungan sosial, tingkat religiusitas dengan kepuasan hidup lansia pria dan wanita (thesis). Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Edelstein, B., A., Siegal, D., L. (2011). Assessment of emotional and personality disorders in older adults. Dalam KW, Schaie & SL. Willis (Eds.), Handbook of the psychology of aging (7th edition) (pp. 325-337). San Diego: Elsevier Inc.

Fais, M., S. (2014). Pengaruh religiusitas terhadap tingkat depresi, kecemasan, stres, dan kualitas hidup penderita penyakit kronis di kota Makassar (kajian survei epidemiologi berbasis integrasi islam dan kesehatan). Jurnal Kesehatan, 7(1).

Folkman, S. (1984). Personal control and stress and coping processes: A theoritical analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 46 (40), 839-858.

Folkman, S., & Lazarus, R,S. (1985). If it changes it must be a process: A study of Emotion and Coping During Three Stages of a College Examination. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology48 (1), 150-170. doi: https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1037/0022-3514.48.1.150.

Folkman, S., Lazarus, R,S., Gruen, R,J., Logis, A. (1988). Appraisal, coping, health status, and psychological symptoms. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 50(3), 571-579. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.50.3.571

Godsoe, M., R. (2008). Acceptance of chronic pain, attachment style, affectivity and treatment use. New Hampshire: Antioch University New England. Retrieved from: http://search.proquest. com/docview/304324906.

Glock, C. Y. & Stark, R. (1988). Dimensi-Dimensi Keberagamaan. Robertson, Roland (ed.), Agama: Analisa dan Interpretasi Soiologi. Jakarta: CV Rajawali.

Indriana, Y. (2004). Religiositas Orang Lanjut Usia ditinjau dari Tingkat Pendidikan. Laporan Penelitian. Semarang: Program Studi Psikologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Diponegoro.

Koenig, H,G. (2004). Religion, spirituality, and edicine: research findings and implications for clinical practice. Southern Medical Association 97(12), 1194-1200. doi: 10.1097/01.SMJ.0000146489.21837.CE.

Lazar, K,A. (2000). Current life engagement factors as a predictor of elder Life satisfaction.Retrieved from: www2.uwstout.edu/content/lib/thesis/2000/2000lazark.pdf

Lubis, M,R. (2009). Nilai agama dalam kehidupan. Jurnal Multikultural dan Multireligius8 (29).

Lubkin, I,M., & Larsen, P,D. (2006). Chronic illness: Impact and interventions (6th Ed.). USA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers Inc.

McCullough, M,E., Willoughby, L,B. (2009). Religion, self-regulation, and self-control: associations, explanations, and implications. Psychological Bulletin135(1), 69-93. doi: 10.1037/a0014213.

Megari, K. (2013). Quality of life in chronic disease patients. Health Psychol Res 1(3), e27. 10.4081/hpr.2013.e27

Morrison, V., Bennett, P. (2009). An introduction to health psychology (2nd ed.). Spain: Pearson Education Limited.

Moschella, M. (2011). Spiritual autobiography and older adults. Pastoral Psychology60(1), 95-98. doi: 10.1007/s11089-010-0307-6.

Nashori, F. (2007). Manusia sebagai homo religious. Jurnal Psikologika. 3, 3-5

Notoatmodjo, S. (2010). Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan. Jakarta : Rineka Cipta

Nursolehah, E., Krisnatuti, D. (2017). Communication elderly-children and elderly-children in law, social support, and successful aging in elderly men and women. Journal of Family Sciences, 2(2), 11-22. doi: 10.29244/jfs.2.2.11-22.

O’Toole, T. P. (2012). Staying healthy during hard times: the impact of economic distress on accessing care and chronic disease management. Medicine & Health 95(11), 363-366.

Pamungkas, A., Wiyanti, S., Agustin, R., W. (2015). Hubungan antara religiusitas dan dukungan sosial dengan kecemasan menghadapi tutup usia pada lanjut usia kelurahan Jebres Surakart. Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi Candrawijaya 2(1), 1-10.

Papalia, D., E. (2008). Psikologi Perkembangan(Ed 9th). Alih bahasa: Anwar AK. Jakarta: Kencana.

_____ (2009). Human development (11th edition). USA: McGraw-Hill.

Rasmun.( 2004). Stres, koping dan adaptasi. (ed.1). Jakarta : Sagung Seto.

Roach, S,S. (2001). Introductory gerontological nursing. Philadelphia: Lippincott. Williams & Wilkins.

Roh, S., Lee K., H., Kim, Y., Lee, I. (2015). Religion, social support, and life satisfaction among American Indian older adults. Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought 34(4), 414-434. doi: 10.1080/15426432.2015.1097094.

Ryff, C,D., Singer, B (1996). Psychological well-being:meaning, measurement, and implications for psychotherapy. Journal of Psychother Psychosom1996 (65), 14-23. https://doi.org/10.1159/000289026

Santrock, J,W. (2002). Life–Span Development: Sixth Edition. New York: Brown and Benchmark Publisher

Sarafino, E,P., & Smith, T,W. (2011). Health psychology: biopsychosocial interactions (7th edition). USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Septariana, F. (2019). Pengaruh kelekatan dan pola asuh spiritual orang tua terhadap karakter remaja smp laki-laki dan perempuan (thesis). IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia. doi:10.13140/RG.2.2.27679.00168.

Sousa, L., & Lyubomirsky, S. (2001). Life satisfaction. In J. Worell (Ed.), Encylopedia of women and gender: Sex similarities and differences and the impact of society on gender (Vol. 2, pp. 667-676). . San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Turk, D.C. & Winter, F. (2005). The Pain Survival Guide: How to Reclaim Your Life (APA Lifetools). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

[WHO] World Health Organization. (2014). Noncommunicable diseases. Retrieved from: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs3 55/en/

Weinert, I., M. (2011). The influence of religiosity on psychological well being and life satisfaction in an elderly population (dissertation). Arizona State University, Arizona.

Yalom, I.D. & Leszcz, M. (2005). The Theory and Practice of Group Psychotherapy (5th ed.). New York: Basic Books.

Published
2019-06-13
How to Cite
Methasari, S., & Krisnatuti, D. (2019). Coping Strategy, Religiosity, and Chronic Elderly’s Life Satisfaction. Journal of Family Sciences, 3(2), 42-54. https://doi.org/10.29244/jfs.3.2.42-54